ploesti oil fields ww2

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Oct 24, 2016 - Explore john m's board "Ploesti, Romania ww2" on Pinterest. Ploesti was a WW2 oil boom city in the plains below the Transylvanian Alps in the North, and the Romanian capitol of Bucharest in the south. As you can see from these tables Romanian oil amounted for 18,8% of the German oil supply in 1940; 29,2% in 1941; 23% in 1942; 22,2% in 1943. Ploesti 1943 – The Great Raid On Hitler’s Romanian Oil Refineries Operation Tidal Wave was one of the boldest and most controversial air raids by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). In August 1943, 179 American bombers set out to do the job. Early in World War II, the Allies identified Ploesti as … Willow Run: Colossus of American Industry Page 5-10 The B-24 Liberator bombers flew from Benghazi, Libya, North Africa, with directions to descend on the Ploesti Oil Fields at treetop level, bomb the refineries, and return. TIDALWAVE targeted nine major refineries that produced some 8,595,000 tons of oil annually, about 90 percent of all Rumanian oil production, and the attack temporarily eliminated about 3,925,000 tons, roughly 46 percent of total annual production at Ploesti. Ploesti was Hitler’s oil supply, so it had to burn. Bombing Raids on the Ploesti Oil Fields 1942-43 These two films commemorate the costly missions flown by the US Army Air Force against the Ploesti oil fields in Romania in 1943-44. Ploesti was crucial for the Axis, but Romania wasn’t Germany’s main source of oil. B-24 Liberators at low altitude while approaching the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania, August 1, 1943. Earl Zimmerman, a radio operator during the Ploesti mission, has this to say about the origin of the insignia: "I first learned of the name Sky Scorpions during the early 1960s when the book Ploesti … Romania had been a big participant in the oil industry since the 1800s. PLOESTI OIL FIELDS, AIR RAIDS ON. The attack was to take place between the end of the North African campaign and the invasion of Sicily and would emanate from recently evacuated fields around Benghazi in Libya. SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL called Ploesti, Romania, "the taproot of German might", because this is where the Nazi Third Reich obtained much of its oil. Pilot Lyle Spencer, co-pilot Harry J. Baker, bombardier Boyden Supiani. Romania (via the Ploesti oil fields and refining complexes) supplied near all of Germany’s “normal” petroleum products – with the balance largely coming from “synthetic” methods of producing close-enough products from other starting resources (such as coal, which Germany had in abundance). The plan sounded simple enough on paper: have a swarm of B-24 bombers fly low over Ploesti, Romania, and blast away the Nazi-controlled oil … He stuck right in formation with us. Refineries located near Ploesti, Romania, provided one-third of the oil supply of the Axis forces in World War II, making the oil fields a crucial Allied target.Minor air attacks by the Russians in 1941 and the United States in 1942 were ineffective. Portland, Oreg. The Ploesti oil-refining complex produced 60 percent of the petroleum products used by the Axis in Europe; the remainder was spread over many small complexes in … In the foreground is B-24D Li’l Jughaid, serial number 42-63758, Ninth Air Force, 98th Bombardment Group, 415th Bombardment Squadron. (see Bombing of Romania in World War II). In the words of Winston Churchill, Ploesti was "the taproot of German might." Finally, the air raids on the Ploesti oil fields and refineries in August 1943 destroyed 50 percent of the Romanian refinery capacity. On August 1, 1943, the USAAF staged Operation Tidalwave—a daring, surprise low-level B-24 raid against the Axis’ critical source of fuel, the oil fields in Ploesti, Romania. B-24 Liberator during low level attack of the Ploesti oil refineries, Ploesti Romania, Aug 1 1943. P loesti was a vast complex of oil refinery facilities located some 30 miles north of Bucharest, Romania. Entered service at. The Group was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for the Ploesti oil fields mission on 1 August 1943. [citation needed] In the summer of 1943, the U.S. Army Air Force launched the audacious Operation Tidal Wave, an effort to destroy the largest supply of oil production for the German war machine in Ploesti, Romania.. The campaign against the Ploesti oil refineries, distribution system and infrastructure was one of the epic battles of the war. Romania was Hitler’s major source of oil, since he had failed to conquer the Russian fields. It supplied an estimated sixty percent of the refined oil necessary to keep the German war machine running. Colonel Kane, who was known to his men as Killer Kane, led what was considered one of the most dangerous raids of the war against the Ploesti oil fields on Aug. 1, 1943. By the second half of 1944, once the advancing Red Army had torn Ploesti and its oil fields back out of the Third Reich, Hitler's forces had become almost entirely dependent on synthetic fuel production. Halverson earned the Silver Star for leading the Ploesti raid. For some, Lady Luck frowned, but for others, she gave her friendliest smile. Back again to the guns out in the fields at the old familiar target, the Xenia Oil Refinery, Ploesti. At the time, the Romanian Ploesti oil fields produced about a third of all Axis oil, and was Germany’s single most important fuel source. Bombers returning from a mission to Ploesti. Ploesti’s (pronounced Ploi-yhest) refineries were arranged like the reefs and islands around a lagoon, with the city in the center. Five oil refineries circled the city--Ploesti was "the premier oil target of the continent"--thus one of Europe's most heavily-defended cities. See more ideas about wwii bomber, ww2, wwii aircraft. : 26, 9 April 1945. G.O. The synthetic fuel facilities became primary Allied bombing targets. It was one of the largest producers in Europe and Ploiesti was a major part of that production. Aerial mining of the Danube River constituted an additional serious transportation impediment. Recommended: Imagine a U.S. Air Force That Never Built the B … Birth: Oregon. Only by hitting and destroying specific structures like the boiler houses, cracking towers, powerhouses, and stills would a modern oil plant be put out of action. During the unescorted 1,000 mile flight from Libya, clouds broke the formation into two groups and a … The Ploesti oil fields produced a third of all Axis oil in Europe, so it … Romania was the site of the famed German-controlled oil fields of Ploesti, the target of heavy Allied bombing during the war. Painting of a Burning B-24 Liberator in the Ploesti Raid in WW2. Three refineries lost 100 percent of … A third of them would never return. 14 B-24s can be seen in this image. They made a difficult target. The Ploesti oil-refining complex produced 60 percent of the petroleum products used by the Axis in Europe; the remainder was spread over many small complexes in Germany and the occupied countries. B-24 Liberator bombers over Ploesti oil fields during Operation Tidal Wave, Romania, 1 Aug 1943. http://digilander.libero.it/romanoarchives/http://www.webalice.it/romanoarchivesMix of Allied and German rarely seen color footage.Sunday, Aug. 1, 1943. 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