relationship between psychology and spirituality

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This article attempts to explore the rela- tionship between psychology and religion and how these two disci- plines interact. This has lead to the fact that psychology of religion is obviously a paradox, an impossibility that undermines the belief in God. Our first topic is Freud. In search for safety, people focus their identity on an idea of their self, i.e. Read the “Assessing Spirituality – The Relationship between Spirituality and Mental Health” article found in the Reading & Study folder for Module/Week 7. While being well equipped to deal with certain situations, they are ill equipped to deal with others. Some people call it non-duality; others call it Christ, Allah, spirit or God. Finally, three studies which address the relationship between spirituality and emotional well-being are reviewed. Listed below are some of the benefits of religion reviewed in the Peterson and Seligman Handbook (2005). The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. This post was published on the now-closed HuffPost Contributor platform. Ignatian spirituality is concerned in its own way with these areas, and perhaps Positive Psychology can offer the Ignatian movement some useful techniques and resources. To realize in full the potential of growth in your life, you must be able to shift between the psychological and the spiritual poles in accordance with the situation and at your own choice. The word "psychology" comes from Greek: “psyche” is the word for "mind" or "soul", and “logos” means study. It is very important to understand that our psychological blocks can actually impede our capacity to open to spiritual understanding and experience. Doctrinal Integrity: Knowing that the Bible is the Word of God, we believe it, teach it, proclaim it, and submit to it. In the academic milieu, where I have been teaching and conducting research, spirituality was frequently frowned upon, perceived as esoteric and metaphysical, a sphere that could not be part of the scientific realm. Significantly, in the West psychology is only referred to as the study of the mind, whereas the “soul” part is completely ignored. The complexity results from the fact that Buddhism could be seen as an alternative to psychology in the analysis of the mind; and moreover, Buddhism also contains aspects of psychotherapy that bring peace of mind. One may explain the relationship between psychology and religion in terms of the psychology ofreligion. But it also became obvious that the two were irreconcilable; it was almost as if they were perceived as rivals, as contrasting ways to understand life that could never converge. Higher levels of spirituality have also been linked to increased compassion, strengthened relationships, and improved self-esteem. These experiences revealed to me the power of psychology and spirituality. About this journal. He was a warrior practitioner, engaging demanding spiritual disciplines and austerities over sustained periods of time, and he had experienced repeated high states of mysticism. A chain is only as strong as its weakest link, and I am convinced that most spiritual scandals, as well as disillusionment among spiritual seekers and practitioners, are the result of spiritual teachers who have significant areas of psychological blindness. Some psychologists view Christianity as a “crutch” for weak people, or something that is obsolete given our advanced understanding of neuroscience. Spirituality is when you search for things that are going to change your life. After a general overview of the relationship between the two disciplines.   Nevertheless, some more specific themes and issues can be discerned in the literature on religion, spirituality and therapy. There is great debate, and in many cases a sharp divide, between practitioners of psychology and those of spirituality. There is great debate, and in many cases a sharp divide, between practitioners of psychology and those of spirituality. Yet scholars and practitioners have also applied psychodynamic ideas to religion and spirituality in constructive, insightful ways (e.g. In between these poles lies a variety of approaches that take into account both the personal and impersonal aspects of our experience, validating that some aspects of our experience can be empirically confirmed while others remain mysterious but equally "real." Likewise, it has a major role to play Part of HuffPost Wellness. Happy people generally experience pleasurable emotions, but also identify their lives as meaningful—that is, they feel they contribute in some way to their community and that they have an effect on the world around them. As a child during World War II, Hans spent several years imprisoned in Japanese concentration camps, during which he experienced extreme trauma produced by torture and separation from his family. We learned from a very young age that the world was not a safe place, and that whatever "God" existed was not a god who would protect us from child abuse. They represent two aspects of the entity we call life. Having both options at one's disposal at any given moment offers greater flexibility and taking action properly. Finding the proper. When I met Hans, near the end of his life, he carried with him a deep sorrow at his failure to realize his spiritual aspirations, accompanied by an unspoken sense of having been betrayed by God because he had given everything to the spiritual path but had not accomplished his goals. Author has 891 answers and 146.5K answer views. Some research has shown that spirituality is related to external locus of control while a lack of spirituality is related to internal locus of control (Fiori, et al., 2006). Highly intelligent by nature, he had also become a great scholar of Hindu religion. The Relationship Between Spirituality, Health-Related Behavior, and Psychological Well-Being Introduction. On the other end, many contemporary spiritual traditions view the psyche as an unreal construct and believe that psychological work is an indulgent reinforcement of the story of the false self. All rights Reserved. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between mental health and spiritual well-being among HD patients. Alternatively stated, Relational Spirituality refers to when the search for the sacred (spirituality) is … Studies on the relationship between spirituality and mental health among HD patients are scarce. the correlation coefficient between spirituality and happiness is .89 which indicates high positive correlation between these two aspects of life. The Journal of Psychology and Theology publishes original research on the integration of psychology and Christian theology. What were my insights to do with the relationship between psychology and spirituality? McMinn first introduces a number of challenges with integration, and then provides a proposed pattern of healing, followed by an exploration of six Christian concepts within counseling. In other words, psychology is the study of the mind or the soul. On one end of the spectrum, most of mainstream psychology does not concern itself with issues of consciousness and spirit and rejects what is not scientifically quantifiable. Similarly, other studies have shown that spiritual forms of support, meaning-making and coping predict health and well-being beyond the effects of secular support, meaning-making and coping. There is a growing body of empirical studies that has identified significant links between religion and spirituality and the themes of positive psychology, as seen in the special issue of the journal Mental Health, Religion and Culture (Joseph, Linley, & Maltby, 2006), and the review by Emmons (2006). The research found that the higher the spiritual well-being, existential well-being, religious well-being and intrinsic religious orientation were among males, the lower the anxiety. The answers to these questions can be hard to find (Plante, 1999). The practical application of these respective disciplines to a variety of counseling concerns will be emphasized. I discovered the amazing knowledge and depth they both offer, and the wonderful way in which they support our growth process. • Demonstrate their understanding of the theories and concepts we study by consideration of a religious Apply psychological, theological, and spiritual resources to specific counseling concerns; 2. We can then discover how these approaches complement and support one another, together forming a more complete approach to human understanding than either one alone can provide. This is an essential part of our lives – the mind is a beautiful tool that, as long as we are in control over it, allows us to make conscious choices which are beneficial for us. When I teach the topic of emotions and meditation I discuss the fact that meditation is very helpful when it... Why is it that happiness is fleeting? For example, I once consulted with a psychologist in her late 30s who was experiencing tremendous confusion about her spiritual life because her therapist had convinced her that her relationship with her spiritual teacher was purely a romanticized projection based on unmet childhood needs and a failure to individuate from her father. “Spirituality needs to be cosmic, allowing us to experiment the mystery of existence with reverence. Here we are going to lookat spirituality through the view of science. It is the personal search which connects the human being to a powerful divine force existing in the Universe. In other words, spirituality is a great source, but not the only source, to help us deal with our mental and emotional issues. Empirical studies and theoretical pieces investigating the interrelationships between psychological (e.g., clinical, experimental, industrial/organizational, social, theoretical) and theological topics of study are considered. • Consider and cogently discuss the inter-relationship between psychology and religion, and psychology and spirituality, and begin to articulate their own methodology. The link between sex and spirituality is strong. jmsals1@uky.edu "Relationship between Gender Difference, Spirituality, and Academic Performance" paper states that the existence of the unparalleled relationship emanates from the fact StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Spirituality or faith “may enhance the ability to cope with negative life events” (Beohnlein, 2007, p. 264). We are not weak, but courageous, when we dare to again face the things that we would rather not see and confront but in the end continue to blind us to the wholeness of all that we are. Most people tend to search for a single unambiguous answer and dismiss all others. The contemptuous faces you then receive are directly correlated with the number of spiritual concepts you were sharing. All of the thoughts, feelings and emotions in us. Psychology represents the "grounding" effect, in which the mind is used for thinking, rationalizing, and understanding life. The author sets out what spirituality is, the values it represents and how it can contribute to mental health and wellbeing. It can be thus concluded that spirituality has a stronger relationship with psychological well-being in university students whose curricula focus on the … However, it is good to know that up to the present, many psychologists as well as other mental health professionals are becoming more open to the idea that both religion and spirituality have indeed something very positive to offer (The Relationship of Psychology, Spirituality, ; Religion). By intellectual standards, Hans was a genius. Just as we may discuss music in terms of psychology or Eros in terms of psychology, so religion … While he dazzled those around him with esoteric rituals and encyclopedic knowledge of Vedic ritual and Hindu mythology, I longed to take him into my arms and let the child within him cry until the ocean of tears wore down the stone walls that kept his tender heart from letting human and divine love penetrate him. It offers to lead to the ultimate goal of human life that is … It means that relgion perse can be analyzed in psychological terms, i.e in terms of mental , emotional and aesthetic states. Being religious is the outward observance of that person’s faith. Psychology deals with only mind whereas spirituality deals with this life and after life. However, this is not entirely accurate: spirituality is more than psychology. I was torn; whatever group I was part of lacked certain aspects that were available in the other group. Feelings of abandonment and isolation in childhood can make it much more challenging to encounter and open to the experience of spaciousness that meditation offers, as it can be difficult to distinguish between non-dual emptiness and the experience of profound lack and psychological emptiness. The results were amazing: With time, I felt increasingly liberated. Spiritual technologies help us access an experience of consciousness itself, and sustained spiritual practice supports us in learning to anchor ourselves in a more abiding sense of that greater reality. Examine issues related to the relationship between the philosophical basis of In more recent years, psychologists have begun recognizing that our spirituality impacts our lives, but have yet to say it is imperative for life. The link between religion and spirituality and psychological adjustment: the mediating role of optimism and social support. This relationship also exists between spirituality and self-reflexivity, promoting an examined life which connects to a larger moral vision that extends beyond the self into the community. Religious Spirituality and Psychological Science 1 Examining the Relationship Between Religious Spirituality and Psychological Science Brent Slife, Carolen Hope, and Scott Nebeker Department of Psychology Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84602 801-378-3657 801-378-7862 (Fax) Brent_Slife@BYU.edu Psychology treats the mind whereas spirituality offers to solve the problems of this life and life afterdeath. Indeed, some hold out hope of meaningful, concerted integration between these domains (Strawn, 2007). This article attempts to explore the rela- tionship between psychology and religion and how these two disci- plines interact. Islamizalion of psychology is suggested as a way out of the current impasse between psychology … In Psychology Theology, and Spirituality (McMinn, 2011) McMinn discusses the benefits of an integrated counseling approach that strives to promote “both spiritual and emotional growth” (McMinn, 2011, p. 5) by including a third element; spirituality, or more specifically, spiritual formation. Meanwhile, psychological work helps unravel the complex strands that constitute our personal psyche -- patterns and wounds that, if not tended to, can impede our growth and block our perception of spiritual realities. (2010) computed a relationship between R/S and state forgiveness in a meta-analysis using 28 effect sizes, except for that effort, the field has not been subjected to quanti-tative analysis. Religion : By definition, religion is a personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices; the service and worship of God or the supernatural. 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